Tag Archives: Civil War

Kronstadt Naval Cathedral

I went to Kronstadt, an island city with a long history, yesterday. I have a lot of photos to go through, but I’m posting a quick taste of what’s to come.

The Kronstadt Naval Cathedral stands behind a monument to Kronstadt's role in the uprisings of 1905-06 and 1917, and in the Russian Civil War.

The Kronstadt Naval Cathedral stands behind a monument to Kronstadt's roles in the uprisings of 1905-06 and 1917, and in the Russian Civil War.

The Naval Cathedral rises high above the rest of Kronstadt, distinctly visible from the long dam and bridge that connects the island to the mainland. Completed in 1913, the cathedral saw only 16 years of use before being closed in 1929. It was ransacked and defaced the next year, before being converted to a movie theater and later, a community center. In 2002, the Russian government placed a new cross atop the cathedral, and in 2005, the cathedral was reopened for services. However, the cathedral is now closed for extensive renovations.

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Proletarian lace

Victory to the USSR

Lace: Victory to the USSR

Vologda is known for a few things, namely monasteries, dairy products, and lace.

Come October 1918, being an agricultural center famed for making such a bourgeois thing as lace wasn’t a mark in favor of Vologda in the minds of the Bolsheviks. Neither, of course, was Vologda’s pro-White (that’s Anti-Bolshevik) political orientation during the Russian Civil War.

Indeed, Vologda suffered heavily during Lenin’s Red Terror, and later during the collectivization imposed by Stalin (Not so much for making lace, but more because the area was largely populated by farmers).

In any event, the lace-makers of Vologda faced a challenge: how to reconcile their decidedly upper-class product with the Soviet Union’s proletarian ideals.

The solution: Lace glorifying industry, agriculture, and the Soviet Union, as we saw at the Vologda Lace Museum. Click here to see a few pieces of Soviet lace.